Prevent skin problems in summer

How you can avoid skin-tan, acne, body odor and various other fungal infections
Summer is here and with the mercury levels rising every day, the heat and humidity play a major role in our lives, keeping us hot and bothered. Summer brings with it a host of skin problems, some of which are:
Skin tan and burn: A suntan is actually the body’s defence mechanism against strong sunlight and the visible evidence of damage to the skin. Severe sunburn results in the redness of the skin, skin peeling and sometimes itching. The treatment for this lies in:
Avoiding sunlight and using a calamine lotion during the day. Also taking an allergic tablet during the day and night for a week along with a very mild steroid lotion at bedtime will help.
Acne: Aggravation of acne (pimples) as the heat, humidity, dead skin cells and oil tend to clog the pores thereby leading to comedones (blackheads) and then acne. Hygiene plays an important role. The treatment is in the form of:
Applying a ‘mud-pack’ once a week to absorb the oil.
Having plenty of water and taking supplements of Vitamin A, zinc and antioxidants and applying an erythromycin gel at bedtime.

Prickly heat: Excessive sweating and increased dead cell turnover blocks the sweat glands and causes a rash-like picture commonly known as ‘prickly heat’ especially in the folds of the skin where the sweat accumulates and maybe also on the the back. This leads to itching. The treatment lies in the form of:
Having cool showers, wearing loose clothes, putting talcum powder after a bath, applying calamine lotion on the rashes.

Rosacea: This is characterised by red and inflamed skin especially on the cheek, chin and frown areas of the face. The rash can also lead to tiny boils on the cheeks and maybe even to severe acne if left untreated. The treatment is in the form of:
Avoiding sunlight, using a soapfree face wash and a good sunscreen, reducing stress with yoga, meditation, having an antacid or aloe vera juice in the morning on an empty stomach.

Fungal infections of the skin:
This is very common in the hot and humid weather. The fungi thrive in the humid weather and areas where there is less aeration as in the folds of the skin especially in people who wear tight clothing, shoes the whole day long and synthetic clothing. The treatment is in the form of:
Having a shower more often, using an anti-fungal powder in the body folds after a bath and applying an anti-fungal cream at bedtime on affected areas.

Dandruff: Dandruff is a result of over-secretion of oil on the scalp mixed with increased dead cell turnover, sweats and the pollution around. This leads to a ‘scale’ formation on the scalp which is not only unhygienic but can also lead to hairfall, itching and eventually pimples on the forehead and back. The treatment is in the form of:
Washing your hair often in summer. Using a medicated shampoo containing 2 per cent ketaconozole and ZPTO (zinc pyrithione).
Using home remedies like lemon juice or curds on scalp before washing the hair.
Increased pigmentation: Normal skin and skin with pigmentation problems seems to look darker when exposed to the summer sun. This is because exposure to sun activates the melanin to rise to the upper layers thereby increasing pigmentation. The treatment is in the form of:
Avoiding direct sunlight.
Using a sunscreen of a good SPF mixed with calamine lotion atleast 2-3 times in the day.
Using an umbrella and sunglasses while going out in the sun and sun visors for the car.
Using a skin lightening cream at bedtime.
Taking supplements of vitamin C, folic acid and antioxidants.
Body odour:
This is a characteristic unpleasant body smell which is not only due to increased sweat accumulation but also due to a bacterial decomposition of the same. This could be quite an embarrassing condition for many. To avoid body odour:
Use loose, cotton clothing.
Have a shower 2-3 times a day.
Use a medicated soap especially in the body folds.
Use an anti-fungal powder and deodorant in the body folds.
Reduce caffeine intake and only drink herbal and green tea.
Use a fragrance on clothes rather than on the skin to prevent pigmentation.


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